News & Events

Vermont health bill mislabeled ‘single payer’: doctors’ group

Vermont health bill to become law. Next Thursday, May 26, Gov. Peter Shumlin of Vermont will sign “An Act Relating to a Universal and Unified Health System.” The bill passed the Legislature in early May, after months of debate that included vigorous advocacy for single-payer reform by physicians and health professional students, among others. While the bill falls well short of a creating a single-payer system, as the PNHP board noted last month, its supporters claim it could lead to such a system several years down the road.

PNHP will issue a statement on the legislation next week. In the meantime, a concise summary of what the bill does and doesn’t do – and some of the obstacles it faces – appears in a story titled “Single Payer in Vermont? Well, Not Exactly.” Amednews also had a useful round-up; it’s one of several recent stories quoting PNHP leaders saying the bill’s an important first step, but only if it’s followed by steps leading to a true single-payer plan. The actual text of the bill starts on line 18 of this 213-page file.

Posted on: Thursday, April 7, 2011

Vermont health bill mislabeled ‘single payer’: doctors’ group

Physicians for a National Health Program says draft legislation gives
wide berth to private insurers, falls far short of single-payer reform


April 7, 2011

Garrett Adams, M.D., president PNHP
David Himmelstein, M.D., co-founder PNHP
Andrew Coates, M.D., board member PNHP
Mark Almberg, communications director, (312) 782-6006,

The following statement was released today by the national board of Physicians for a National Health Program.

Health reform legislation initiated by Vermont Governor Peter Shumlin was recently passed by that state’s House of Representatives and awaits action in the Senate.

Many journalists and commentators have portrayed this bill as fully embracing the single-payer approach to reform. We write to clarify the views of Physicians for a National Health Program on the Vermont legislation.

We appreciate the enthusiasm for progressive health reform shown by Gov. Shumlin and the many dedicated single-payer supporters in Vermont. However, it is important to note that the bill passed by the Vermont House falls well short of the single-payer reform needed to resolve the health care crisis in that state and the nation. Indeed, as the bill moved through the House the term “single payer” was entirely removed, and restrictions on the role of private insurers were loosened.

In its present form, the legislation lays out in considerable detail a structure to implement Vermont’s version of the federal reform passed in March of 2010, which would expand coverage by private insurers and Medicaid. However, it offers only a vague outline of the additional reform promised by the governor and Legislature at such time when states will be allowed to experiment with alternatives to the federal program in 2017 (or 2014, if the effort to move up the date succeeds).

The Vermont plan promises a public program open to all residents of the state in 2017, but even then it would allow a continuing role for private insurance. This would negate many of the administrative savings that could be attained by a true single-payer program, and opens the way for the continuation of multi-tiered care.

Within the public program, the plan would continue to lump together payments for operating and capital costs, allowing hospitals and the newly established Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs) to use funds not spent on care for institutional expansion. Meanwhile, those with operating losses would shrink or close even if they were meeting vital health needs. This would perpetuate incentives for hospitals and ACOs to cherry-pick profitable patients and services, and hobble the health planning needed to assure rational investments in new facilities and high-technology care.

Under the legislation, many patients would continue to face co-payments that obstruct access to care, and the bill makes no mention of expanding coverage of long-term care. The legislation fails to proscribe the participation of for-profit hospitals and other providers (e.g. ACOs and dialysis clinics), which research has shown deliver inferior care at inflated prices.

Finally, the bill offers no concrete funding plan or structure for the public program that it promises.

We applaud the sentiments expressed by the governor and legislative leaders and remain hopeful that the legislation’s rhetorical commitment to further reform will become a reality. We urge the Vermont Senate to address the shortcomings in the House bill.

Much work, including efforts to enact federal enabling legislation – and continued advocacy by single-payer supporters – will be needed in the years ahead to achieve Vermont’s goal of universal access to high quality, affordable care.


Physicians for a National Health Program ( is an organization of 18,000 doctors who support single-payer national health insurance, an improved Medicare for all. A March 26 rally at the Vermont Statehouse organized by medical and other health-professional students from PNHP and the American Medical Student Association drew over 200 attendees in support of single-payer health reform.